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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 21-29

Evaluating the adherence to guidelines for management of acute heart failure in the Gaza Strip hospitals: A medical chart–based review study

1 Human Resources Department, Ministry of Health, Gaza, Palestine
2 Faculty of Medicine, Islamic University of Gaza, Gaza, Palestine
3 Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Al-Shifa Hospital, Gaza, Palestine
4 Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Nasser Hospital, Khanyounis, Palestine

Correspondence Address:
Bettina Bottcher
Faculty of Medicine, Islamic University of Gaza, Gaza
Mohamedraed Elshami
Islamic University of Gaza, P. O. Box 108, Gaza
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JQSH.JQSH_21_18

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Objective: To evaluate adherence of clinicians to the European guidelines for management of acute heart failure (AHF). Materials and Methods: This was a medical chart–based review study conducted from January to December 2016, including 200 medical records of patients admitted to two major hospitals in the Gaza Strip, Palestine. The AHF management was compared to the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines, 2016. Results: The patients’ mean age was 66.0±13.0 years. A total of 100 patients (50.0%) were women and 192 (96.0%) had comorbidities including hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease. The most notable finding was that of a very poor standard of documentation, especially for vital signs. Patient management showed mostly moderate to good adherence to guidelines with 189 (94.5%) patients undergoing electrocardiogram, 90 (45.0%) echocardiography, 97 (48.5%) chest X-ray, and 79 patients of 167 (47.3%) receiving vasodilators appropriately. Good adherence was found in checking glucose levels, 176 (88.0%), and application of oxygen (100% with SpO2 < 90%). Some aspects of care showed poor adherence, such as overuse of digoxin in 57 patients (28.5%), of which only 30 (53.4%) had atrial fibrillation and inappropriate use of beta-blockers in two patients who were hypotensive. Furthermore, brain natriuretic peptide was not used at all. Conclusion: The results of this study show suboptimal adherence to the ESC guidelines in management of AHF, reflecting the need to improve awareness of evidence-based medicine among clinicians.

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